ERIC Number: ED080137
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr-1
Reference Count: 0
Looking Versus Remembering: A Comparison of the Mediational Activity of Kindergarten Children in Three Retention Tasks.
Steele, Lee P.; Horowitz, Alan B.
An investigation was conducted to examine a particular aspect of the following questions: (1) What, if anything, do kindergartners do when presented with a set of pictures that might serve to facilitate their retention of pictorial stimuli? (2) What might they be capable of doing in the context of a recognition test that they might not be able to do as effectively in the context of a free recall test? A total of 72 kindergarten-age children participated; half were assigned to the look instruction condition, half to the remember instruction condition. Two response measures figured in the assessment of each S's storage and retrieval activities: (1) the incidence of overt labelling, and (2) the number of correctly remembered stimuli in each of three retention tests. A three-way analysis of variance was performed on the retention test data. Retention test data revealed an apparent hierarchy of retention test scores, with scores in the visual recognition test superior to those in the auditory recognition test, and scores in the auditory recognition test superior to those in the free recall test. Additional results are given. (CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 1, 1973)