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ERIC Number: ED079945
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-May-12
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Yanomamo on Film and Paper.
Hearne, Thomas; Devore, Paul
Two teaching experiments were conducted relating to the relative effectiveness of anthropological films versus reading of literature as means of conveying anthropological information to college students and of influencing their attitudes toward other societies. In one, a student group viewed films about the Netsilik Indians, one read literature, and two did both. The group receiving both treatments scored significantly higher on tests designed to measure cognitive knowledge of the topic under consideration. In the second experiment, one group read assigned literature about the Yanomamo tribe while another read the same material and viewed films. Post-experimental essays revealed that the group which received the combined instruction had the greater knowledge of facts, but also that, contrary to expectations, viewing the films did not change student attitudes toward primitive societies as much as it reinforced their previous stereotypes about those societies. Thus, it was concluded that the combination of films plus reading was effective in increasing factual knowledge, but that the films did not change student attitudes in the desired direction--i.e., toward a less enthnocentric point of view. (PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A