ERIC Number: ED079735
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
Black-White Speech Relationships. Urban Language Series No. 7.
Wolfram, Walt, Ed.; Clarke, Nona H., Ed.
Exploring the issue of black and white speech differences, the articles reprinted in this anthology span several decades and are to be viewed in a historical perspective. Turner (1948) examines Gullah, the creole language spoken off the coast of South Carolina. McDavid and McDavid (1951) attempt to identify the different influences on the speech of blacks. Both of these articles represent some of the early attempts to bring out the problems of dealing with black-white speech relations. When the issues were raised again in the middle 1960s, they were accompanied by such articles as Beryl Bailey's examination of the black speech used in "The Cool World" in relation to the typological characteristics of the Caribbean creole language. The two articles written by Stewart further develop the hypothesis that black speech has developed from a creole origin. Dalby in his article postulates that varieties of Black English are evident in various parts of the world today, and Black American English is but one of the varieties which fits into this continuum. Davis, on the other hand, questions the validity of the conclusions concerning a creole origin for black speech. Finally, Wolfram concludes that there are speech differences between white and black children, but that they are not significant enough to warrant calling Black English a "different language." (HOD)
Descriptors: Anthologies, Black Dialects, Creoles, Diachronic Linguistics, Dialect Studies, Gullah, Language Patterns, Linguistic Theory, Speech Habits
Center for Applied Linguistics, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ($6.50 paper)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC.