ERIC Number: ED079718
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
A Study in Developing Critical Thinking through a Text in Elementary School Social Studies.
Pitts-Scarangello, Aletha C.
The purposes of this study were to determine whether an elementary text with built-in problem-solving situations would (1) improve children's critical thinking and (2) help the children to learn factual material. Ten fourth-grade classes were pretested and posttested in their ability to retain facts and to think critically as related to the study of the history of the state of Delaware. The five classes in the control group used whatever materials were available on this subject, while the five classes in the experimental group used these materials and an experimental text providing problems testing critical thinking ability. It was found that children in the experimental group improved their critical thinking skills and that both groups made about the same gains in factual knowledge. It was judged that the experimental text offered an educational advantage because it provided a gain in critical thinking with no loss in the acquisition of factual information. Teachers using the experimental text reported that their students were not only thinking more critically about Delaware history but about other subjects as well. The teachers felt the text made a significant contribution to the study of Delaware history and met a need for elementary material in this field. (Author/DI)
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Factual Reading, Grade 4, History, Instructional Materials, Social Studies, Textbooks
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-14,640, MF $4.00 Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania