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ERIC Number: ED079702
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Readability: Computer Utilization.
Felsenthal, Helen
Textual Analysis of Language Samples (TEXAN) is a computer program which can count a number of variables needed for use in readability formulas. Three studies which utilize TEXAN are reported in this paper: (1) In 1972, Norman and Helen Felsenthal randomly selected 20 books from the 1306 in Eakin's "Good Books for Children" and calculated their internal consistency using Gunning, Spache, and two Flesch formulas. The results disprove the speculation that difficulty increases from beginning to end in many children's books. The study also compared the four readability estimates; correlations varied from high to negative. (2) In a 1973 study, Alden J. Moe investigated the readability of selected Newbery Award Books. Fry, Gunning, and Lorge formulas were used but did not provide the same grade level estimates when applied to a single sample. (3) Also in 1973, Norman Felsenthal analyzed the readability and specialized vocabulary of nine selected U. S. history texts in grades 5, 8, and 11 using Flesch, Fry, and Lorge formulas. Results indicated the three fifth-grade books were in excess of their intended level of usage. The others were closer to their intended levels but a wide variation in scores among the three formulas existed. Other studies using computer programs are also reviewed. (TO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Assn. (18th, Denver, May 1-4, 1973)