ERIC Number: ED079635
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
The Social Ecology of Free Seating Arrangements in a Small Group Interaction Context.
Hendrick, Clyde; And Others
Two experiments were conducted which studied seating distance of subjects in a small group discussion situation. In Experiment I groups of three subjects sat on cushions in a bare carpeted room along with a moderator and discussed a socially relevant issue. The distances generated by subjects' placement of their cushions served as the main dependent variable. The predominant seating pattern was a semicircular arrangement of the subjects relative to the moderator. The interaction distances chosen were within Hall's (1966) personal and social zones. In Experiment II an attempt was made to influence where subjects sat by including in the group a confederate who always sat down first either very near or far from the moderator. Results showed that subjects attempted to accommodate both the moderator and the confederate in choosing their seating positions. When the confederate sat far way from the moderator, two distinct types of seating patterns emerged, but both seemed functionally equivalent in terms of orientation and distance accommodation to the moderator and confederate. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH. Dept. of Psychology.