ERIC Number: ED079626
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship of the Home to "Under- or Over-Achievement."
Schroder, Carole A.; And Others
In order to assess the effects of home backgrounds upon a child's performance in school, data were collected from 518 students and their mothers. Interviews with mothers covered topics such as: family background and parental expectations and aspirations; parental contact with the school; use of communication media; child management and personal qualities important for the child; family income; and interviewer's rating of type and quality of the family's dwelling. Data collected from the pupils included: ability and achievement test scores; an index ranking the pupil as an under-, average- or over-achiever; teacher rating questionnaires; and children's questionnaire. Although study results identify a number of home background factors relating to achievement status and socio-economic background, the authors feel that future studies ought to explore the influence of peer groups, the "caretaker" versus "learning environment" of different homes, and the ways in which parental occupations and educational aspirations and expectations are communicated to the child. (Author/SES)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Children, Elementary School Students, Family Characteristics, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Relationship, Family School Relationship, Longitudinal Studies, Mother Attitudes, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Role, Parents, Research Projects, Student Reaction, Students
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Canada (Toronto)