ERIC Number: ED079372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-May
Reference Count: 0
Testing Job Applicants from Disadvantaged Groups.
Doppelt, Jerome E.; Bennett, George K.
Test Service Bulletin, n57 p1-5 May 1967
Companies have been accused of using tests as a means of maintaining unfair discrimination against groups which have already suffered from many forms of discrimination. It does not follow, however, that tests themselves merit condemnation. Employers who use tests do so because the information furnished by tests is valuable to them in making hiring decisions. Although testing is not free from defect or beyond criticism, appropriately chosen and properly administered ability tests are superior to most available alternatives. Some of the problems stemming from the testing of disadvantaged groups, such as reduced reliability due to the compression of score distributions, are of a technical nature and are unrelated to discrimination. Many of the issues have both psychometric and social aspects. Some current testing procedures should be changed to reduce the fear and hostility that may be engendered by materials felt to be biased or unfair. More attention must be devoted to research with actual score and performance data in order to improve the predictive efficiency of tests. But discrimination in the world of work will not be resolved by improved psychometrics alone. The use of tests in employee selection is inherently a friendly rather than a hostile act to those who come to the job market from backgrounds of limited opportunity. The rejection of measuring instruments which register the consequence of cultural deprivation is merely a modern version of killing the messenger who brings bad news. (Author/KM)
Descriptors: Bulletins, Disadvantaged, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Job Applicants, Personnel Selection, Predictive Measurement, Racial Discrimination, Test Bias, Test Reliability, Testing, Testing Problems
Test Service Bulletin, The Psychological Corporation, 304 East 45th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017 (free)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Psychological Corp., New York, NY.