ERIC Number: ED079358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Reference Count: 0
Age Differences in Children's Performance on Measures of Component Selection and Incidental Learning.
Hale, Gordon A.; Taweel, Suzanne S.
Children of ages 5 and 8 years were given one of three learning tasks: (a) a component selection problem, in which two stimulus components were redundant and (b) two incidental learning tasks, in which one component of the stimuli was task-relevant and the other was incidental. A posttest, measuring the children's recall for information about each component separately, was assumed to reflect the degree of attention directed to each component during learning. Attention to the nondominant component was found to increase with age when this feature was redundant with the dominant component and could thus serve as a second functional cue (component selection task), but not when it was incidental. These results suggest a developmental increase in the flexibility of attention deployment, as the tendency for children to exercise selective attention varies with the requirements of the task. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.