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ERIC Number: ED079083
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 164
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Arithmetic Problem Solving Strategies of Fourth Grade Children.
Sanders, Violet Alexandra
The purpose of this study was to discover what strategies children use to solve verbal arithmetic problems and which strategies are most successful, and to determine relationships between success in problem solving and strategy and a group of selected student characteristics. Four hundred fifty-five fourth grade students took a test consisting of two problems; later, each student was interviewed and asked to state how he solved the problems. Results revealed that the most widely used strategy was Logical Analysis, where problems were solved by means of an equation or algorithm. Creative or Divergent Thinking was the most successful strategy but was used by only 20 children. Blind Guessing and Trial and Error were the most unsuccessful strategies. The correlations indicated that the characteristics most closely related to strategy and success were intelligence and arithmetic achievement. Most of the students using Logical Analysis or Creative Thinking strategies possessed average or high intelligence, arithmetic achievement, and socio-economic status; representative characteristics of students who used Blind Guessing were low intelligence, low arithmetic achievement, and low or average socio-economic status. (Author/DT)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-12,590 M-$4.00 X-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Wayne State University