ERIC Number: ED079062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Upgrading Picture Communications Research in Science Education.
Voelker, Alan M.
A pilot study of the pictorial communication in the prose materials was made among students coming from two school settings. The first group was composed of sixth and seventh grade students from average to below average socioeconomic neighborhoods in a large urban industrial community and the second, fifth and sixth grade students from a small, combined agricultural-industrial community. The instructional material was related to science concepts organized around an environmental problem. Pictorial communications were inserted in association with single concepts or to illustrate interrelationships among key concepts. Subjects were asked to read the material. Reactions to each segment, concepts with learning difficulties, usability of pictures in learning, and quality of the material were identified by each subject. Pre- and posttests were used to gather attainment data. Analyses showed the presence of substantial numbers of significant differences between two groups. Child reaction to the organization and assembly of instructional material might influence learning capacity. Prerequisite to development of instructional materials was the gathering of data on the learner's perception of pictorial communications. Detailed procedures for materials development were also suggested. (CC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Research and Development Centers Branch.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (46th, Detroit, Michigan, March 1973)