ERIC Number: ED079032
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Developing an Understanding of Hypothesis Formation and Testing in Science, Two Contrasting Approaches.
Reis, Richard M.
This study arose out of a concern for the type of college science courses being offered to non-science majors. Of particular concern is the traditional method of laboratory instruction, with its emphasis on specific techniques and instrument manipulations rather than promoting an understanding of the processes, concepts, and methods of investigation in science. The study involved a comparison of two different laboratory programs, both designed to develop an understanding of the scientific enterprise through an examination of hypothesis formation and testing. The experimental population consisted of 48 students registered in Physical Science I at Stanford University. In the first program students functioned as a team of scientists, working as a team to develop hypotheses and perform an experiment. The second program involved a direct examination of scientists and their work by having students analyze reports of contemporary scientific work and visit and participate in discussion sessions with scientists. An analysis of the results indicated that the two programs were equally effective in attaining the objectives relating to the development and understanding of hypothesis formation and testing in science. Other conclusions are discussed, the relative merits of the two instructional programs are analyzed, and recommendations are made for further research. (JR)
Descriptors: College Science, Hypothesis Testing, Instruction, Laboratory Procedures, Physical Sciences, Science Education, Science Programs, Teaching Methods, Teaching Programs
The Committee on Publications, Faculty of Education, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Memorial Univ., St. John's (Newfoundland).
Note: Monographs in Education No. 9