ERIC Number: ED078969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
The Effect of Type of Punishment on Resistance to Deviation.
LaVoie, Joseph C.
The comparative effectiveness of an aversive stimulus, withholding of resources, withdrawal of love and reasoning, when used alone and combined with praise, was assessed in the standard laboratory punishment paradigm using 120 first and second graders as subjects. Resistance to deviation was used as the measure of punishment effectiveness. Sex of child, use of praise, and type of punisher were combined in a 2 x 2 x 5 factorial design, with a female as the punitive agent. The most stable response pattern resulted from the use of an aversive stimulus. Neither use of praise nor sex of child significantly influenced punisher effectiveness. The practice of grouping various punishment measures under the categories of sensitization and induction measures was discussed. (Author/ST)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Omaha. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 29 - April 1, 1973)