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ERIC Number: ED078951
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Pages: 2
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Training Originality in Elementary School Children.
Krop, Harry
Proceedings, 80th Annual Convention, APA 1972, p509-10
A study was conducted to demonstrate that originality can be facilitated in elementary school children. Research has shown that a training procedure designed to elicit uncommon responses will facilitate original responses on subsequent tasks. Ss were 96 fifth- and sixth-graders. Half were randomly assigned to a group given originality training (OT), while the other half received repetition training (RT) as a control procedure. Each group was comprised of 24 males and 24 females. Each S was tested individually with pretests, training tests, and post tests. The Similarities, Instances, and Pattern Meanings tests were used as pre- and post-originality measures, while the Alternate Uses and Line Meanings tests were used for training. OT Ss were instructed to make different responses each time the test was presented, while RT Ss were instructed to repeat the same response. The only significant finding from the pretraining data was that females emit a greater number of responses to similar stimuli than do males. Post-training results support the hypothesis that originality training facilitates the production of original responses. It was also found that the frequency of responses increases following originality training. (KM)
American Psychological Association, 1200 17th Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20036
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (80th, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 2-8, 1972)