ERIC Number: ED078924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Visual-Manipulative Response Strategies in Infant Operant Conditioning with Spatially Displaced Feedback.
Millar, W. Stuart; Schaffer, H. Rudolph
Six- and nine-month-old infants were exposed to contingent or non-contingent perceptual stimulation from a source which was spatially displaced at 60 from the infant's midline. Reliable operant acquisition was observed in the case of the nine-month-old infants, but not in the case of the six-month-old infants whose performance was similar to that of non-contingent controls. Examination of visual fixations of the feedback source coincidental with touching the manipulandum revealed the emergence of a strategy in the older infants which appeared to be critical for response acquisition. The emergence of this strategy is interpreted in terms of the older infants' increased capacity to remain oriented to task-relevant stimuli which are no longer immediately visually available and to regulate behavior on the basis of information derived from these stimuli. [Filmed from best available copy.] (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Strathclyde Univ., Glasgow (Scotland).
Note: Preprint of paper submitted to the British Journal of Psychology