ERIC Number: ED078915
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Organization of Group Care Environments: Behavioral Ecology in the Classroom.
Krantz, Patricia J.; Risley, Todd R.
Many investigators have been interested in the development of techniques for remediating undersirable classroom behavior, but far less attention has been paid to physical, spatial and architectural variables which often set the occasion for inappropriate behavior in the classroom. The present study explored the relationships between these ecological variables and kindergarten students' behaviors. One experiment demonstrated that when children's seating arrangements were crowded or when they were required to crowd around a display, their visual attendance to the teacher or to the educational materials was markedly reduced. A second experiment demonstrated that: (1) visual attendance to a teacher reading a story decreases when academic sessions are preceded by active periods and increases when academic session are preceded by inactive periods; (2) transition time from one activity to another increases when preceded by an active session and decreases when preceded by an inactive session; and (3) disruptive behavior during transition increases when preceded by an active session and decreases when preceded by an inactive session. In each of the experiments described above, simple ecological arrangements of the classroom produced an effect comparable to standard behavior modification procedures. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (80th, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 2-8, 1972)