ERIC Number: ED078914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Infants' Reactions to Different Expressions of Emotions.
Kreutzer, Mary Anne; Charlesworth, William R.
Forty infants, 10 at 4, 6, 8, and 10 months, were confronted by an experimenter who acted out angry, happy, sad, and neutral facial experssions, accompanied with appropriate vocalizations. The infants' responses were recorded on video tape and rated for attention, negative and positive affect, and activity. Results indicate that the 4-month old infants responded indiscriminately to the various expressions, but the 6-month and older infants discriminated between the emotions with attention and negative affect behavior and in many cases responded with the appropriate emotion. These results confirm, in part, earlier observations made by Darwin (1877) and Buhler & Hetzer (1928). The distinctive features of the experimenter's behavior which elicited the appropriate reactions from the infants were not determined. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. of Child Development .
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 29 - April 1, 1973)