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ERIC Number: ED078770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-May
Reference Count: 0
Thinking About the Outputs of Higher Education.
Balderston, F. E.
Both external accountability and the necessities for coherent internal priorities have forced a rapid increase of attention to the outputs of institutions of higher education. This paper offers a purview of some of the areas which need to be considered in conceptualizing output measures for education. These measures are important for the planning and management of institutions which increasingly find themselves in financial difficulty and under pressure to induce cost efficiency. The central question posed is: what difference does an exposure to higher education make in the life patterns of those who get it? Education is a transformational process, both as to the social benefit and the private benefit conferred, and it is argued herein that its transformational character may be even greater on the social benefit side. Better measures are needed to show the nature and extent of this transformation. Some of the indices, available to administrators that will help determine these measures are discussed. The number of degrees produced by program and level is one measure of instructional output. Another is longitudinal data concerning the jobs and activities of former students to assess what the students have really gained in educational output. Finally, quality measures, based on something more concrete than guesswork and reputation are needed to show with some precision and accuracy the worth of an education. (Author)
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Administration, Educational Benefits, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Educational Quality, Higher Education, Relevance (Education)
Ford Foundation, 2288 Fulton Street, Berkeley, California 94720
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Ford Foundation Program for Research in Univ. Administration.
Note: Address to the National Research Training Seminar on the Outputs of Higher Education, May 3, 1970