ERIC Number: ED078671
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Is the New Item Priority Effect an Experimental Artifact?
This research was directed at determining whether the new item priority (NIP) effect in free recall was a result of an experimental artifact produced by the joint action of the serial position effect and the randomization of items over trials, or a consequence of a strategy of recalling newer items before older ones. In the experiment, subjects free recalled lists with either no randomization, total randomization, or randomization within the primacy, recency, or middle portions of the list. The NIP effect occurred with equal strength across all conditions, and increased over trials. Contrary to previous data, an interpolated delay between study and test did not destroy the NIP effect. It was concluded that the artifact hypothesis was untenable and that a strategy hypothesis best explained the data. (Author/PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Computer-Based Education Research Lab.
Note: M.A. Thesis, University of Illinois