ERIC Number: ED078603
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Models of Educational Innovation and Implications for Research.
Klitgaard, Robert E.
In this report, the author discusses the problem of educational change in terms of four basic elements: the objectives, the implementation process, the production possibilities, and the evaluation process. To illuminate both the logic of explanation and the specific needs for research, two competing explanatory models are developed: (1) the naive hypothesis, which focuses on local objectives and the low productivity of various educational innovations, and which has restrictive implications for federal R&D policy; and (2) the organizational model, which notes that educational objectives are inherently vague and production possibilities imperfectly known and seldom implemented, and which concentrates instead on the relative freedom of educational bureaucracies to make policy and on the self-serving incentive structures. Since research has not yet touched on many basic issues of the problem, there is sparse evidence to disprove either model. More importantly, there are few directives on how more detailed, policy relevant explanations should be developed. Further research is necessary into the process of innovation itself. This paper formulates an agenda for such research. (Author)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Innovation, Educational Objectives, Educational Research, Models, Policy Formation, Research Needs
Publications Department, Rand, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, California 90406 (Order No. P-4977, $2.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.