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ERIC Number: ED078428
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Usage of Selected Phonological and Grammatical Structures by Three Preschool Groups of Different Ethnic and Socioeconomic Backgrounds.
Ratusnik, David L.; And Others
Two lower socioeconomic groups (one black and one white) from the inner city and a third group of white children from a middle socioeconomic suburban area of Chicago were studied to delineate and compare the usage of selected language structures among children of different social and ethnic backgrounds. Usage of each of the test structures was assessed on each of three speech elicitation tasks--spontaneous speech, structured open-ended responses, and sentence repetition. Phonological structures were assessed on a fourth task, single word picture naming. The findings revealed (1) the copula, single negative transpositions, and postvocalic consonant clusters were used in a similar way by both black and white low socioeconomic children that differed from the pattern of usage evidenced by the middle socioeconomic white children; (2) nonstandard performance on the postvocalic /r/, postvocalic /1/, morphological "s" markers, and certain negative constructions was found to be unique to the low socioeconomic black children; and (3) test structure usage was generally consistent across the different modes of speech elicitation for the three groups, except for a higher incidence of grammatical-syntactic transpositions by the black group on more spontaneous elicitation modes. In addition, sentence repetition procedures were found to be a more powerful tool for displaying dialect forms. (HOD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Assn. (New Orleans, Feb. 26-Mar. 1, 1973)