ERIC Number: ED078401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Sociolinguistic Implications of the Phonological Variations of Black and White Speakers.
Buck, Joyce F.
The major objectives of this investigation were to measure (1) the effects of phonological variations of representative speakers on the social perceptions of college student listeners from socially diverse backgrounds; (2) the influence of the race and class of the listeners upon their attitudes toward dialect differences and toward the speakers; and (3) the intelligibility of monosyllables produced in each dialect. Forty black and white subjects from upper and lower socioeconomic strata listened to tapes of standard New York patterns, "New Yorkese" spoken by a white speaker and Black English spoken by a black speaker. Using semantic differential scales, the listeners recorded their impressions of the speech patterns, competence, trustworthiness, personality, and occupational suitability of each speaker. Secondly, they recorded their recognition of 36 monosyllabic words read by each of the four speakers. Data analysis revealed that in formal context standard speech patterns were rated significantly higher. Furthermore, speakers of standard dialect were judged more competent, trustworthy, personable and intelligible. However, black listeners from both socioeconomic levels and whites from the lower socioeconomic level perceived the black dialect speaker as similar in trustworthiness to the standard speaker. (Author/HS)
Descriptors: Dialect Studies, Nonstandard Dialects, Phonology, Role Perception, Social Attitudes, Social Dialects, Socioeconomic Status, Sociolinguistics
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-24,121, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The City University of New York