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ERIC Number: ED078399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Study of Organization and Recall With Prose.
McConkie, George
This paper, presented at the 1973 meeting of the American Education Research Association, discusses some of the studies conducted in the area of learning from prose. The first study dealt with pooling independent sentences into groups of related sentences and preparing passages by stringing these sentences together. College students then read one of the passages three times, producing a written recall after each reading. The main result was that, with blocked presentation, clustering of sentences from related sentence groups rose over trials, but with mixed presentation it did not. The second study attempted to apply the sorting technique developed by Mandler. An analysis of all the data revealed no tendency for subjects to cluster items in recall with other items sorted into the same piles. The third study was an attempt to manipulate the structure of information in a passage in a simple manner. An examination of the results showed that there was no significant difference between groups. The final study identified idea units and then sought to determine the hierarchical set of relationships which the passage established among these. The general conclusion from this study was that the structure obtained from the analysis of the passage seemed to be related to cognitive structure subjects established while reading the passage. (WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Assn. (New Orleans, Feb 26-Mar 1, 1973)