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ERIC Number: ED078388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Visual Short-Term Memory in Low IQ Adult Functional Illiterates.
Fischer, Joan
The purposes of this study were to determine if differences in acquisition and retention existed between low IQ adults and normal twelve-year-olds, and to discover if differences in acquisition and retention of low IQ adults were affected by contrast conditions. Procedures established by Mahoney when he investigated visual short-term memory in retarded and normal children were used as a model. Nine low IQ adult functional illiterates enrolled in two adult basic education programs were given Mahoney's digit message test. Immediate recall was required after twelve of the messages and delayed recall with a rehearsal preventing 10-second interval was required after another twelve. Mean item recall scores for acquisition and retention of the adult subjects were compared to mean item scores of Mahoney's twelve-year-old normals. Analysis of the data indicated that a significant difference existed in acquisition between low IQ adults and normal twelve-year-olds. No significant difference was found in retention. Contrast conditions were not found to affect either acquisition or retention. (Author/WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A Master's Equivalency in partial fulfillment of the requirements for D.Ed., Rutgers State University