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ERIC Number: ED078328
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Non-Membership Reference Group and Ego.
Peck, David
This research essentially presents an overview, historically and contemporarily, of the social-psychological concept of the reference group (or "other"), including theoretical and empirical literature reviews. Basic problems of definition and conceptual confusion are discussed. Concepts such as relative deprivation, anticipatory socialization, normative types, and extraneous variables involved in researching the reference non-membership group concept are also dealt with and suggestions made for future research. Rather specific, extensive treatment is given to Merton's perspectives and conceptual formulations regarding perception and reference groups. Merton's theory that non-members do not constitute a single homogeneous social category is extensively discussed in light of three variables: (1) eligibility-whether or not an individual is eligible to become a member; (2) orientation-how an individual views the group, i.e., positively, negatively or indifferently; and (3) membership-whether or not the non-member is oriented toward a closed or open group. References are included. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Midwest Sociological Society meeting (May 3-5, 1973, Milwaukee, Wisconsin)