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ERIC Number: ED078307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Competition on Classroom Performance, Retention, and Interest.
Clifford, Margaret M.
The effects of competitive treatments on performance, interest, and retention were examined with the use of a ten-day vocabulary task administered to 2,256 sixth graders. The four major objectives of this experiment were: (1) to examine educational competition within a learning, as opposed to a testing, situation; (2) to examine competition using an experimental design, task, procedure, and setting which allow for generalization to present educational situations; (3) to reexamine the effect of educational competition on three dependent variables: performance, interest, and retention; and (4) to examine the difference between competition with a material reward and competition in a game situation without a material reward. Although interest was found to be significantly higher in these treatments than in a control, neither performance nor retention was increased under the competitive treatments. Based on a review of the literature and the results of this study, a model relating task complexity and intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation to increased performance was proposed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A