ERIC Number: ED078123
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Reinforcement on the Self-Image and Attitude Toward School of Minority Youngsters. Final Report.
James, Margaret A.
This investigation attempted to determine whether pre-service teachers who had been trained through micro-teaching in the skill of using reinforcement could bring about any change in minority youngsters' attitudes about themselves and about school. A panel study was done of twenty-eight pre-service teachers in a team-taught, competency-based program, an extension of a cooperative arrangement between four senior high schools and three junior high schools in Oakland, California and the Teacher Education Department, Secondary, of California State University, Hayward. Fourteen, constituting a group called the "experimental student teachers," were trained during a two-week micro-teaching workshop, during the summer prior to starting the program, in the skill of reinforcement. The remaining fourteen, constituting a group designated as the "control student teachers," did not have this training. All other variables were controlled as much as possible. All student teachers had complete control of one class from the first day in the fall until school closed in June. Each student teacher administered pre and post inventories to the pupils in this class. Mean change scores were computed for each student teacher and a comparison of the two groups indicates that teachers who have been trained to use reinforcement may effect positive changes in their pupils' self-image, but have a negative effect on their pupils' attitude toward school. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Hayward.