ERIC Number: ED078019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Investigation of a Creativity Dimension.
Murphy, Richard T.
This thesis provides evidence for the existence of a creativity dimension containing figural and verbal subfactors which is independent of intelligence and marginally related to school achievement. The original data of Wallach and Kogan, as well as the data from the Ward, Cropley and Maslany and Wallach and Wing studies were reanalyzed using Joreskog's Unrestricted Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis (UMLFA). In addition, three of the Guilford studies and the Getzels and Jackson 1962 study on creativity and intelligence were reanalyzed using the UMLFA technique. These reanalyses provided clear evidence not only for the distinct creativity and intelligence dimensions but also for figural and verbal subfactors in the creativity dimension. The Wallach and Kogan materials were used in an original research study with secondary school students in Brooklyn, New York. The two-factor structure of the creativity dimension was clearly verified, and the creativity measures were related to many more common measures of intelligence than have been reported. The creativity and intelligence measures were related to actual school grades in science, math, English, and social studies. Three factors clearly related to creativity, intelligence, and school achievement were identified. The independence of creativity and intelligence was verified, and a marginal relationship between creativity and school grades was indicated. Multiple regression analyses confirmed the conclusions. (Author/KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, New Jersey