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ERIC Number: ED077939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Maintaining Subject Participation: Factors to Consider in a Longitudinal Study.
Strand, Theresa
An overview is provided of factors considered relevant to gaining and maintaining the participation of subjects in longitudinal studies. Research findings indicate that the response rate can be affected by various aspects of the questionnaire, type of sponsorship, use of incentives, special mailing techniques, and followup procedures. Other factors that survey practitioners consider important are the contents and approach of the cover letter and followup communications, personalization, promise of anonymity, and enclosing a stamped, addressed envelope. In conducting surveys, researchers have found a relationship between response and respondent characteristics such as sex, race, achievement, educational level, and occupation. These findings suggest the importance of making all subjects feel they are valuable members of the population and employing motivating techniques that will win the cooperation of those more likely to be nonresponders. Survey literature also contains a large body of information on the psychological and mechanical aspects of designing a questionnaire that will appeal to respondents. Researchers stress the importance of subject identification with the study and suggest various techniques for gaining and maintaining their cooperation, including techniques for tracing respondents who have moved and/or changed their names. (Author/KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A