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ERIC Number: ED077612
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Race and Class as Differential Determinants of Underachievement and Underaspiration Among Mexican-Americans.
Stone, Paula C.; Ruiz, Rene A.
Mexican American and Anglo 11th grade high school students from lower and middle socioeconomic classes were compared using the locus of control, adequate achievement reality, and temporal orientations as potential correlates of scholastic performance and future education and vocational goals. The sample of 89 male and 87 female students from 3 high schools in Tucson, Arizona, was divided into 4 groups: 48 low-socioeconomic status (SES) Mexican Americans, 26 middle-SES Mexican Americans, 27 low-SES Anglos, and 65 middle-SES Anglos. Students' race and class were identified by their responses to a 15-item Information Scale created for this study. The scales were combined into a single booklet of 60 items. These items measured the student's self-concept, achievement reality orientation, temporal orientation, educational achievement, educational aspiration, and level of vocational aspiration. Findings showed scholastic performance and future educational and vocational goals more closely related to socioeconomic class than racial group. Inferences which emerged were: (1) generalizations from one ethnic minority group to another may be risky even when based on empirical data and (2) different types of programs designed to involve ethnic minority members in the mainstream American society may be necessary for different racial groups. (NQ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, September 1971.