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ERIC Number: ED077586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jun-21
Reference Count: 0
Like Mother, Like Daughter? A Study of the Socialization of Need for Achievement in Girls.
Berens, Anne E.
A study was conducted to: (1) compare mothers and daughters on their needs for achievement and affiliation and their attitudes to success and failure; and (2) relate the mother's child-raising practices to the daughter's needs. Questionnaires were filled out by mothers and children, and observations of mother-child interaction were made. Ss were 21 fifth-grade girls and their mothers. Ss were tested for need for achievement, need for affiliation, fear of success, and fear of failure. Results seem to indicate that if girls are influenced by their mothers' needs at all, it is toward being unlike their mothers in terms of motivational patterns. The only exception is fear of success, where daughters seem to hold attitudes similar to their mother's. All the subscales derived from the mothers' reports of their child-raising practices, from the girls' reports of their interactions with their mothers, and from the E's observations of the mother's behavior toward the child were entered in a stepwise multiple regression equation to predict need for achievement, fear of failure, and need for affiliation. A strong tendency emerged for girls who are high on need for achievement to also be high on need for affiliation. Their mothers made demands for independent behavior early and are now allowing their daughters independence. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Canada Council, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: York Univ., Downsview (Ontario).
Note: Paper presented at an independent symposium during the Canadian Psychological Association Convention (Montreal, Quebec, June 21, 1972)