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ERIC Number: ED077064
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Nonverbal Expressive Behavior in an Integrated Model of Human Communication.
Nolan, Michael J.
One of the factors inhibiting development of a more descriptive theory of communication has been a poorly defined conceptual framework which places almost exclusive emphasis on verbal messages and overlooks an important feature of the communication process, the fact that effective communication develops from interaction among various message components. Theorists have posed a sharp distinction between verbal and nonverbal behaviors, although the function of both forms, the communication of information, is the same. Human communication is mediated by many channels and encoded in a variety of ways by individuals who utilize different amounts of intention, awareness, and feedback. The more descriptive communication model postualted is based on three dimensions: channel, code, and propositionality. Channels contain four separate media: voice, body, objects, and environmental physical features. The three types of both digital and analogic coding are intrinsic, iconic intrinsic, and arbitrary extrinsic. The third dimension is determined by the interaction of intent, awareness, and feedback. (RN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Assn. (Montreal, April 1973)