ERIC Number: ED076961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Text Processing and Intrinsic Individual Differences in Conceptual Organization.
Campbell, Donald S.; Borich, Gary D.
This study is an attempt to identify one source of individual differences in the extent to which readers learn from text and the means for accommodating it. Eighty college students were administered a series of aptitude tests and randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups. The subjects then received six passages, each passage followed by a question. The type of question was dependent upon treatment. Following the presentation of the stimulus materials in treatments, subjects were given recognition and recall tasks. The recognition task consisted of 24 multiple choice questions. The recall task instructed subjects to write down as many inferences as they could remember from each passage. The same tasks were used 24 to 48 hours later to obtain measures of delayed recall and recognition. The prime dependent measures were recognition of inferences and total recall of productive inferences. The recall measure was further broken down to recall of superordinate inferences, coordinate inferences, and associative inferences. Among the conclusions drawn were the following: (1) individual differences in inferential behavior do occur in text processing, (2) some of these differences are predictable using prior measures of relevant aptitudes, and (3) certain treatments do interact with certain aptitudes. (WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 25-March 1, 1973)