ERIC Number: ED076879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
New Careers and Agencies: Views from the Top. Rehabilitation Occupations for the Disadvantaged and Advantaged. Working Paper No. 3.
Sussman, Marvin B.
A study was conducted to examine the utilization of paraprofessionals in rehabilitation and social service agencies. Data were obtained through interviews with the directors of 46 public and private rehabilitation and social service agencies. The two types of agencies were compared on 9 sets of variables: manpower, funding, interorganizational linkages, recruitment, hiring practices, community linkages, client population, adequacy of services, and use of paraprofessionals. Results are tabulated and described. The structure and functioning of 23 rehabilitation and 17 social service agencies were then examined to determine the influence such characteristics might have on the agencies' utilization of paraprofessionals. One year later, agency directors were contacted again by mail questionnaire and telephone. Directors generally viewed paraprofessionals as lacking educational credentials; few were aware of the New Career model emphasizing empathy, "indigenous" background, and the ability to learn on the job. Less than half the agencies do not utilize paraprofessionals, but little adherence to the New Careers model was evidenced by those who do employ them. Supervision and control does not encourage these workers to use their special skills. The followup survey indicated little change in the use of paraprofessionals. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH. Dept. of Sociology.