ERIC Number: ED076802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Typing, Shorthand, and Occupational Assignments of Women: Some Black-White Differentials.
Roderick, Roger D.; Shea, John R.
The purpose of this paper is to examine some of the factors that may help to explain black-white differences in having had typing and/or shorthand courses in high school and in having used such training in occupations ostensibly requiring these skills. Data are from the National Longitudinal Surveys, with the subsets under consideration consisting of full-time female employees who had completed 12 years of school. While urban-nonurban variations in typing/shorthand training were slight, black girls from the urban South were less likely to have had such training than were blacks from the urban non-South. A noticeable intercolor difference was found in assignments to clerical positions, with blacks employed as secretaries and stenographers far less frequently than whites. A positive relationship was found between mental ability and shorthand/typing educational background, with ability scores for blacks on the average below those for whites. Although training in typing and shorthand was directly related to clerical job assignment, even the proportion of whites with training in both areas who were actually working in secretarial and stenographic positions was low. The fact that training in typing and shorthand is not available in some small rural Southern schools may work to the detriment of blacks more than whites. (MF)
Descriptors: Blacks, Business Skills, Comparative Analysis, Educational Opportunities, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Geography, Office Occupations, Racial Differences, Rural Urban Differences, Shorthand, Southern Schools, Typewriting, Whites
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va. 22151 (PB 213 971, MF $.95, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.