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ERIC Number: ED076631
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Nov
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Report on METHODS OF Evaluating Students at the University of California, Berkeley.
Miller, Stuart
Several arguments are made for changing the present system of grading in college. The arguments deal with: (1) the negative effect of grading on the teaching situation--the system is capricious and variable and encourages "grade grubbing"; (2) the lack of accuracy and uniformity of grades; (3) the effect of grading, as an enforcer of the work-success ethic, on the values of the university; (4) the failure of grading to stimulate motivation to learn; (5) the emphasis on grades for graduate admission despite the fact that grades do not predict success in graduate school; (6) the fact that grades are less important in obtaining employment than faculty evaluations; (7) the way in which the grading system encourages a kind of competition alien to the real purposes of university education and discourages the development of intrinsic and lasting intellectual interests and of self-definition and evaluation; (8) the low correlation between grades and creativity; (9) the way the system encourages cheating; (10) the protection grading affords bad teaching. Alternatives to grading suggested are: (1) pass-fail grading--minor enlargement of this option, pass-fail in the breadth requirements, in all nonmajor courses, in the first two years, in all four years; and (2) comprehensive examinations--a system for qualifying examinations for majors and for breadth requirements. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A