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ERIC Number: ED076434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Ikonic and Symbolic Representation. A Study of Mathematical Reasoning.
King, Irv
This series of four studies investigated the abilities of children in grades five through eight to perform on a reasoning test written in both Ikonic and Symbolic form. An abstract reasoning test which had been shown to be highly correlated with success in mathematics was rewritten into Ikonic form. Children whose ages bridge the gap between the Ikonic and Symbolic stages of cognitive development were randomly assigned to two groups. The Ikonic test was administered to one group, the Symbolic test to the other. Results showed that the ability to perform on the test increases steadily with age; that the Ikonic form of the test is significantly easier than the Symbolic test, particularly for students of lesser ability; and that there is no evidence to support the hypothesis that the Symbolic test is more highly correlated to success in mathematics (as measured by the SCAT quantitative test) than the Ikonic test. (Author/DT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A