ERIC Number: ED076346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Transformation of Scientists and Engineers Into Managers.
Bayton, James A.; Chapman, Richard L.
Critical factors in the phenomenon of scientist's and engineer's transition from working as specialists to working as supervisors or managers were studied among 489 employees of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Institutes of Health to discover ways of avoiding or overcoming transition problems. Bench scientists and engineers, scientists and engineers at first and second levels of supervision and management, and senior scientist-engineer managers were selected into the sample population. Management was analyzed in three dimensions: the functions or tasks to be performed, the skills and abilities used in performing tasks, and motivation which provided positive and negative meaning in transition. An interview questionnaire was developed to test respondent reaction to categories used in management dimensions and to explore their views about transition problems. Data resulting from 610 interviews showed that the sample population accepted such functions in management as reporting, supervising, planning, and programs assessment. However, personal skills were considered as a source of tension. Three types of scientists and engineers were found in motivation analyses, and their identification might be used as criteria for candidate selection. Major training needs were determined to fall in the areas of personal skills and of organization processes and structures. (CC)
Descriptors: Career Change, Interviews, Job Satisfaction, Managerial Occupations, Personnel Selection, Scientific Personnel, Skill Analysis, Task Analysis
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 3300-0435 - $1.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Public Administration, Washington, DC.; National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.