ERIC Number: ED076325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
The Comparative Effectiveness of Individually Prescribed Instruction and the Lecture Demonstration Method to Achieve Behavioral Objectives for a Descriptive Astronomy Course.
Oines, Ronald K.
A self-paced individually prescribed instruction system at the introductory level of astronomy was studied, using 118 students to illustrate its effectiveness in comparison with a lecture-demonstration method. Seventeen terminal behavioral objectives served as the basis for the self-paced system. Subjects were divided into two sections, each receiving a specific instructional mode. Pretests and posttests were constructed on the basis of terminal objectives and used to measure student's gains in knowledge and changes in attitudes toward astronomy. Nine separate organimistic variables were also selected to examine their effects on knowledge acquisition. Statistical analyses of results obtained significantly favored the self-paced instruction system. Students in both groups who had had one or more college science or mathematics courses showed a greater gain than did others. None of the other eight organimistic variables had marked effects on the knowledge gained. Changes in attitude were comparable between the two groups. (Author/CC)
Descriptors: Astronomy, Behavioral Objectives, College Science, Comparative Analysis, Demonstrations (Educational), Doctoral Dissertations, Lecture Method, Science Education, Self Help Programs, Teaching Methods
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-21,960 MF-$4.00 Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University