ERIC Number: ED076258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
A Developmental Study of Visual and Auditory Short-Term Memory.
Siegel, Alexander W.; Allik, Judith P.
Kindergarten, second-grade, fifth-grade, and college subjects were tested in a serial-position recall task under each of four conditions: Visual stimuli/visual recall cue, visual stimuli/auditory recall cue, auditory stimuli/visual recall cue, auditory stimuli/auditory recall cue. Visual stimuli were pictures of common animals and objects; auditory stimuli were the tape recorded names of these animals and objects. Two serial positions were probed on each trial. At all grade levels: (1) recall of visual stimuli was markedly superior to that of auditory stimuli, (2) modality of recall cue had no effect, (3) primacy and recency effects were found for both visual and auditory stimuli. Delayed testing (Probe 2) produced a decrement in auditory stimulus recall but not in visual stimulus recall. It was suggested that overt labeling of pictorial stimuli functionally changes the stimuli from being purely visual to being both visual and auditory. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Dept. of Psychology.