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ERIC Number: ED075970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Non-Verbal Communication in Retarded Pupils.
Powell, Evan R.; Dennis, Virginia Collier
Thirty educable mentally retarded (EMR) and 20 trainable mentally retarded (TMR) black or white pupils were observed interacting with classmates and 25 teachers in a retardation center. Multi-modal communicative behavior was noted, with focus on interpersonal spatial distance as one index of relationship and affect between interacting partners. Empirical data collected on 1,400 dyads with the use of the Dennis Infracommunication Analysis Device showed that EMR pupils and TMR pupils communicate with their classmates at the same mean distance. In across race pupil/pupil dyads, the white pupils set the distance. White pupils also maintained closer distance with each other than did black pupils. TMR pupils interacted with their teachers at closer range than with other TMR pupils, though EMR pupils interacted at moreintimate distances with other EMR pupils than with their teachers. Other factors bearing on non-verbal communication appeared to be angle of orientation, gaze, kinesics, and kinesthetics. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A paper presented at the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 25-March 1, 1973)