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ERIC Number: ED075966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr-17
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
A Task Force Approach to Serving Profoundly Retarded Children and Their Parents.
Graf, Mercedes; Robbins, Pearl
A task force approach to care of profoundly retarded children includes parent counseling services. Counseling is usually limited to initial interviews in which the psychologists must explain the diagnosis, teach parents to accept the child's maturity age as the best gauge of his ability, and make parents aware that their child will require constant care. As counseling is so limited, the psychologist must plan for the child in terms of initial family attitudes, whether these include belligerence, denial, depression, guilt, apathy, or rejection. Psychologists should deal with these attitudes by allowing parents to vent hostility, by discussing state services that can alleviate the burden of total care, by informing parents of various causes of profound retardation, by convincing overprotecting parents that their child can be trained to achieve some degree of independence, by showing rejecting parents how to include the child in family matters, and by assisting parents to accept their child's intellectual status. Clinicians must be alert to factors (such as cultural or experiential deprivation, autism, or undetected hearing loss) which may cause an appearance of profound retardation. Difficulties in working with children suspected of profound retardation, including hyperactivity, withdrawal, lack of speech, or belligerence, can often be overcome by allowing the child to play and interrelate freely with his parents until he feels comfortable in the diagnostic setting. (GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at National Association of School Psychologists (New York, April 17, 1973)