ERIC Number: ED075894
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Planning and Social Systems: Organizations as a Special Case. A CRUSK-ISR Working Paper.
Crowfoot, James E.
This paper attempts to provide a broad theoretical framework for understanding planning in organizations and other social systems; and it identifies the key conditions, processes, and structures of social systems in the planning concept. While other frameworks exist that detail singular aspects of planning as it actually occurs and describe planning as a normatively conceived process, it is assumed that those more detailed theories can be fitted into this general framework, potentially useful in analyzing particular cases. The content is organized according to (1) definitional issues, (2) framework for analyzing the planning potential of a social system, (3) implications of proposed framework for system analysis, (4) planning and organizations in relationship to the analytic framework, (5) organizational structures and processes involved in planning, and (6) conclusion. These sections move from definition to a general theoretical statement, and, finally, to the application of the theory to organizations. A bibliography is included. (Author)
Descriptors: Administrative Principles, Conceptual Schemes, Decision Making Skills, Environmental Influences, Models, Organization, Organizational Climate, Organizational Development, Organizations (Groups), Planning, Policy Formation, Power Structure, Social Organizations, Theories
Publications Division, Institute for Social Research, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Utilization of Scientific Knowledge.