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ERIC Number: ED075799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Reading to the American Indian.
Rich, Gene
The problems of Indian children as students in the educational system, and particularly the problems associated with learning to read, are discussed in this paper. The Indian child is not basically a competitive individual; hence, he cannot understand the traditional classroom's emphasis upon individual achievement. In general, the Indian student is involved in being, not in becoming. Therefore, education as preparation for the future is not a realistic motive for him. Research shows that many Indian children rely heavily on nonverbal means of expression. They must first be taught to speak and read their own language before English language instruction can be successful. The following guidelines are offered as recommendations for those involved with teaching reading to American Indian youth: (1) Identify the basic premises of Indian culture, or any culture, which require an adjustment in the learning setting. (2) Review and apply the teaching strategies which are applicable to the special instructional problems represented by Indian youth. (3) Recognize individual differences among Indian students as well as collective differences between students and majority groups. (4) Facilitate the ultimate goals of self-reliance and self-direction. (Author/TO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (18th, Denver, May 1-4, 1973)