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ERIC Number: ED075796
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Models of Reading and Reading Disability.
Guthrie, John T.
The purpose of this investigation was to test whether the assembly or system model was more adequate to account for the relationships among subskills in normal and disabled readers. Thirty-eight subjects were divided into three groups. There were 19 disabled subjects with a mean chronological age of 9.17, a mean IQ of 104.84, and a mean reading level of 1.80. Ten normal-old subjects were matched to the disabled group on chronological age, 8.61, and IQ, 106.00, and the reading level of the group was 4.20. Nineteen normal-young subjects, with a mean age of 7.00, an IQ of 105.36, and a reading grade level of 1.91, (were matched with the disabled on chronological age and IQ. Criterion referenced tests of phoneme-grapheme association skills were constructed and administered to both disabled and normal readers. The strength of subskills in the disabled group was virtually identical to the comparable subskills in the normals similar in reading level. Both of these groups were inferior to normals matched on age who had completely mastered each of these skills. Intercorrelations among subskills were high positive for the normals and were largely insignificant for the disabled. (Author/WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 25-March 1, 1973)