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ERIC Number: ED075635
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Feb
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Direct and Contract Hiring of Seasonal Farm Labor.
Sellers, Walter E., Jr.
Obtaining a sufficient supply of labor when it is needed is a problem faced by most farmers annually because of the very seasonal nature of farming. Even with mechanization and family labor, most farmers need to hire some help. This report summarizes the results of a survey conducted in 1966 to determine: (1) methods used to obtain seasonal workers, (2) the number of seasonal workers hired per farm, and (3) variances in hours of labor based on farm type and production region. Findings include: (1) More tobacco and "other field crop" farmers hired seasonal workers on a direct basis than any other farmers, (2) As many as 84 percent of the fruit farms and nearly two-thirds of the vegetable farms used seasonal workers, although less than 40 percent contracted to obtain them, (3) Cash grain and livestock farmers were least likely to use seasonal workers, but when they did, they often used contract labor, (4) Most farmers in the three southern regions preferred the direct-hire method over contracting, whereas in the midcontinent, contracting was often used, and (5) Hiring practices and hours of seasonal labor varied by size of farm. (Author/SN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Farm Production Economics Research Div.