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ERIC Number: ED075282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Humanistic Worldmindedness and Peace Proposal Preferences in Pacifist, ROTC, and Random Student Samples.
Simmons, Dale D.; And Others
Assuming that pacifist and ROTC allegiances are associated with differing basic orientations toward mankind and differing preferences for resolution of international conflict, the Worldmindedness Scale and the peace proposal preference procedures (developed by cooperating participants in the international survey "Images of the Year 2000") were administered to: 1) military (R.O.T.C.), 2) avowedly pacifist, and 3) "neutral" sample groups of the U.S. college students. Although polarity in beliefs was expected, it failed to emerge, and, instead, there was merely a difference in scale position. The pacifist students emerged as distinctly worldminded and tended to favor a socio-psychological control of aggression while the ROTC students were neutral toward worldmindedness and emphasized organization solutions toward aggression. However, a remarkably high level of agreement between groups was found regarding ways to achieve peace, the differences being matters of focus. The relationship of worldminded attitudes to peace proposal preferences suggests that the preference for direct control of aggression at the interpersonal and international levels is the minority orientation in the world today, mainstream peacethinking being primarily organizational in nature. (Author/SJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A