ERIC Number: ED075260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Two Instructional Strategies for Teaching the Solution to Verbal Problems. Final Report.
Bassler, Otto C.; And Others
Two distinct strategies for teaching the solution to verbal problems were compared. Programs of instruction were prepared that reflected the Polya Method (read and understand the problem, plan for a solution, carry out the plan, and check the result) and the Dahmus Method (translate the verbal statements into mathematical symbols prior to solving the problem and checking the solution). A form of individualized instruction was used to present these programs to 53 ninth-grade algebra students classified into three ability levels based upon Algebra Prognosis Test scores. Following seven days of instruction, data were gathered on an investigator-constructed posttest and retention test which were scored on an equation criterion and a problem solution criterion. Results showed that Polya Method students scored higher than Dahmus Method students on the equation criterion but there was no difference between the two groups on the problem solving criterion, that scores on both criteria are highly resistant to forgetting, and that ability level differences occurred. (Author/DT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN.