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ERIC Number: ED075167
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 154
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Outdoor Versus Indoor Learning in Elementary School Science.
Wise, Ronald Clarence
The purpose of this study was to assess and compare achievement of students who were taught science by three different approaches: direct experience (T-1), outdoor classroom (T-2), and indoor classroom (T-3). In addition, the number of students making observations of the outdoor environment for each treatment group was analyzed. The specific problems investigated were as follows: (1) Do students acquire more science knowledge, more comprehension, and greater retention when taught by the direct experience approach than when taught by the outdoor or indoor classroom approaches? (2) Do more students make observations of the outdoor environment when taught by the direct experience approach than when taught by the other two approaches? Following testing and analysis of data, it was concluded that gains were not significant among the three treatments. (Author/BL)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-16,686 MF-$4.00 Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University