ERIC Number: ED074806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Te-ni-wo-ha: An Etymological Study.
Jolly, Yukiko S.
Papers in Japanese Linguistics, v1 n2 p218-227 Dec 1972
The designation of the Japanese word class "joshi" (in English known as particles, post-positional case markers, or relationals) by the term te-ni-wo-ha can be traced to the early superimposition of the Chinese writing system on Japanese speech. Because of the structural differences between the two languages and the existence of elements in Japanese not covered by the Chinese writing system, the Japanese developed a notational chart of dots to be added to the Chinese characters. Such a dot-code system was used to express relationships of the joshi and was designated te-ni-wo-ha by combining the names of the particles at the four corners of the chart. The term te-ni-wo-ha remains today even though the original dot-code system no longer exists and the Chinese characters used for writing Japanese are phonological representations containing no graphic, inherently syntactic indication of meaning. (VM)
Descriptors: Alphabets, Case (Grammar), Chinese, Comparative Analysis, Diachronic Linguistics, Etymology, Form Classes (Languages), Grammar, Japanese, Language Acquisition, Language Patterns, Language Typology, Phonetics, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Sentence Structure, Syntax, Written Language
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Japanese Linguistics Workshop.